Walking the Camino de Santiago: what you need to know before beginning your journey
The Way of St. James is likely one of the most trafficked pilgrimages in existence. This holy walk takes people from around the world to multiple courses that begin in various locations but culminate in a trek across Spain that ends in Santiago de Compostela, which is believed to be the burial site of St. James' remains. This walk will take you through beautiful small towns, across the Spanish countryside, next to towering castles, and through bustling metropolises. It is a journey that many take for very different and personal reasons, but it guarantees lasting lifetime memories, some challenges, and likely some new friendships.
- The most popular "way" is the Camino de Frances (the French Way, ~780 KM, recommended 34 days to complete)
- You can only receive the Compostela (certificate of completion) by walking at least the last 100 KM (or biking 200)
- You will need credentials (pilgrim's passport) to gain stamps along the way that prove your journey - get one here
- The Camino is extremely affordable - $5-10 Albergue lodging, $15 food = $20-25 total cost per day
- You do not need to pack as much as a typical "hike" - you will come across towns every 3-5 KM
- There are yellow arrows indicating the way across the entire journey - you won't get lost!
- Spanish, while helpful, isn't really necessary: the towns along the Camino are used to worldwide pilgrims
- Unique gear list: sleeping bag liner w/insect repellant, concentrated laundry detergent, sleeping mask/ear plug combo, travel adapter, flip flops
- Recommend good hiking boots, synthetic quick dry clothing (2 sets minimum)
- Averaging 30 KM a day, you can complete your 100 KM in 3/4 walking days; with travel days, this can be a 6-8 day trip
- Plan for spring or fall if you want beautiful weather - early October proved to be perfect
- For the true experience, don't plan your accommodations/meals, etc - just walk and know that "the Camino always provides"
The beautiful thing about the Camino is you can actually just order your credentials/passport, grab your airline ticket, a backpack, some athletic clothing, boots, and literally get going. You don't need to plan very much ahead - it's really about going with the flow. If you haven't seen the video, click below to get the "why" of the Camino. If you want more details because you aren't exactly keen on flying to a foreign country with no plan, keep reading...
If you are like me and love to travel, but also love to capture it so you can share the story with friends, you might be interested in the camera gear I use. For the Camino, I only walked with my Panasonic and the Rode microphone (can't carry everything, weight = exhaustion). Here's my primary gear:
Getting Your Pilgrim's Passport
There is one single important thing that most people do before they depart for Europe (well, other than booking a flight to and from, obviously), and that is obtaining their Pilgrim's Passport (credential). You will need to allow at least 1 month for most national offices to process it, and it will cost between $20-40 (administrative fees, I'm guessing). If you want to put your mind at ease, head to the American Pilgrim Org site here or whichever nation you hail from and order your credential. There is a more unique way, though, that I found to be more authentic. I arrived to Spain without a credential (I did order one, but it did not come in time). I was forced to seek out my document in Madrid, which led to the very cool experience of receiving it from a cathedral in which the priest brought all the pilgrims to the front after the service and gave the pilgrim's blessing, wishing us safety and self discovery on our journey. I paid only 5 euros for my passport, considering it was for donation only, and had it in a matter of minutes. I'd recommend this process if you are the adventurous type. Head to the Church of Santiago in Madrid (since you're probably flying in their anyway, reference google map on the right), and you'll find an admin office in the back opened up after the day's mass (schedule is posted on the door). Seriously, it was just a really neat process and everyone I encountered on the Camino thought my passport was the nicest one they'd seen (all of theirs were from national offices that insist on using Comin Sans).
Gear for the Camino:
The goal here is to pack light, because you'll be carrying everything you decide to bring on your back, and you will undoubtedly accumulate a few things as you make your way. In that spirit, I honestly recommend you only bring 2 pairs of clothing. One is for hiking, the other is for the evening/sleeping. Maybe bring a light jacket or a long sleeve shirt as well, but I managed fine without a jacket and was only cold one morning (which I comment about in the video). You will be doing your laundry each afternoon with concentrated detergent (this stuff is great), and you'll hang it up to dry at night. Once every few days you'll wash/dry your sleep/evening wear as well. Considering you're hanging stuff to dry (on your bunk bed, on a line outside, wherever) you should attempt to bring synthetic moisture wicking type material rather than cotton or wool. Bring a set of flip flops that can double as shower shoes and walking to the café for dinner after your day's trek. For sleeping, a bag liner with some sort of insect repellant applied will keep you plenty warm and give you peace of mind as you hear rumors of bedbugs on the Camino (I didn't encounter any). I used this bag because it got good reviews and it performed very well (also packs down small). You won't need to bring a pillow or blankets. You'll be sleeping in Albergues mostly, which is very much a hostel with bay area sleeping. I had a night or two with some loud folks near me, and this mask/ear plug combo will be a lifesaver. For electronics, your typical travel adapter will do. I've had this one on a few trips and it's awesome because it has USB ports and works in any country.
You're probably wondering what I'd recommend to carry all of this? 95% of the pilgrims you come across have a serious hiking backpack. Then again, I didn't want to purchase such a behemoth for my week long adventure, and decided to bring my Northface Recon backpack because I already owned it. Believe it or not, I managed to make it work, and that included bringing an iPad, a DSLR, external microphone, batteries, etc. My only point of contention is that your typical backpack doesn't fit as properly nor bear the weight on your body as that of a real backpack. If you decide to go super minimal like I did, make sure your bag at least has a waist strap you can utilize to take some of the pressure off of your shoulders. Next time I go, I'll bring a real hiking bag, but the backpack did work out okay.
the Spirit of the Camino de Santiago:
There is one phrase you will hear (and say) repeatedly as you make your journey: "Buen Camino". Loosely translated as good way/good journey, it is both how you greet and say farewell to those passing by or new friends. If you haven't watched the video above about the daily "ops tempo," I'll lay it out for you. Each morning in the Albergues you will be required to leave by 0800 - this is a hard deadline as they have a ton of beds to quickly turn over for guests that may be arriving as early as 1200 that day. This means that most pilgrims wake up, either in the clothing they will hike in, or do a quick change and are on their way. My buddy Jed and I were literally the last ones out of each Albergue because we both wanted to brush our teeth, wash our face, maybe fix the bed head, etc before starting our walk. Nevertheless, it's a 0800 departure (usually) at the latest, otherwise you'll have a Spaniard hurrying you along by clapping at you as if you were pigeons they could scare off. Once you start your walk, you'll see pilgrims have stopped here and there at a café for their coffee and croissants. Definitely do this; you'll need the caffeine and the carbs for the 30-ish KM you'll cover. Be sure to get your stamp if the café offers one. I kept a water bottle with me and filled it here and there, but really never found myself in need of how much water I was carrying. Anyway, you'll walk until around lunch and probably stop again, unless you packed something, in which case you'll have plenty of scenic places to hang out and eat (picnic tables here and there). Most folks will walk until 1400-1600, with the window being so wide because they begin to check for vacancy in whatever town they are passing through. You may find accommodations with vacancy, but don't really feel the 'vibe' so you decide to keep pushing. Or, consider finding an Albergue with a perfect café attached, a beautiful view, and some new friends have already decided to stay, but it's only 1300...what are you likely to do? You'll stop, because the extra time is only going to allow you to split a bottle of wine later with these new comrades. Once you check-in, they will make you remove your boots immediately. They'll show you to a bed and essentially leave you to do whatever you need to do. I always went straight to doing my laundry (washing 1 shirt, 1 shorts) so they had ample time to hang and dry. Then get your shower in and enjoy the awesome feeling of wearing flip-flops and having the free time to stroll through the town you're in and find food and drinks. Maybe you've stopped in a larger town with multiple cathedrals and castles to view, so you decide to stay an entire extra day. Maybe you decide to pamper yourself and spring 30 bucks on a legitimate hotel with privacy. Maybe you didn't check in until 1700 and you have just enough time to do laundry, shower, eat, and then it's straight to sleep because most locations have a mandatory 'lights out' at 2200.
The point I'm making is that the spirit of this journey is essentially accepting that it is a journey. Pilgrims of old did not have booking.com to arrange their accommodations. They did not have travel books to tell them exactly which restaurant to eat at. Nor did they have the demanding careers/lives that we have today that inject stress in a time that should be mostly a "go with the flow" type experience. I hope you're able to 'let go' and enjoy what the Camino has to offer: the opportunity to just walk, and after you've walked for the day, you've met the day's objective, and their should be little reason to dwell on tomorrow because tomorrow you will do the same thing - just walk.